July 31st marks the feast of St. Ignatius of Loyola.
In the parlance of old Jesuits, the feast of St. Ignatius of Loyola, is a first class feast, with a high choral mass, festivities, good food, mirth and jollity, in the morning and during the day and an impressive and grand benediction with sonorous choir in attendance in the evening. For us boarders in St. Josephs, Trichinopoly, besides all these, some more recreation time in the quadrangle of the boarding. Continue reading Fr. W. STRICKLAND ON PARAVAS. (1852.)
*மனிதனாகப் பிறந்ததை எண்ணி மகிழ்வுறு!*
*இந்தியனாகப் பிறந்ததை எண்ணி இன்புறு!*
*தமிழனாகப் பிறந்ததை எண்ணி தற்கேற்று*
*பரவனாகப் பிறந்ததை எண்ணி பரவசபடு!*
நாம் ஒவ்வொருவரும் மனிதனாக, இந்தியனாக, தமிழனாக, பரவனாகப் பிறந்ததை எண்ணி பெருமைப்பட வேண்டும். காரணம், மானிடவியலில் “பரவர் குலம்” ஒரு தலைசிறந்த குலம் என்று வரலாறு உரைக்கின்றது. Continue reading பரத குல வரலாறு
During discussions, one, often hears a very casual remark that the Paravas got converted to Christianity seeking protection from enemies.
Does this remark parroted carelessly has any tinge of truth ,is a matter to be closely scrutinized. Continue reading THE CONVERSION –THE TRUTH
A small circle of four persons were erected by XAVIER to carry out the catechetical work effectively and fruitfully.
They were the Modugatham, (the Overseer), the Ubedesiar, ( the Sacristian) and Kannakupillai ( the catechist) and vathiar( teacher). Continue reading MODUTHAGAM, UBEDESIAR AND KANNAKUILLAI
One of the designs of the Portuguese colonial empire was to settle the Paravas in Ceylon. Ten towns and sixty two villages were assigned to the care of the Jesuits in 1602 and it resulted in the settlement of sizeable communities of Paravas on the Sinhalese coast. Continue reading Our Ceylon settlement
நம் நாட்டில் கீழைக்கடலோரத்தின் திலகமாகத் திகழ்வது தூத்துக்குடி. முத்துக்குளித்துறையில் முதன்மையான துறைமுகப்பட்டினம் இதுவே. தென்னகத்தின் திறவுகோல் என்று வரலாற்று ஆசிரியர்களால் எடுத்து மொழியப் பெற்ற வணிகம் வளம் படைத்த பொன்னகர் இந்நகரே. ஆதியில் கொற்கையும் மணப்பாடும் மதுரையும் பரத மரபினரின் அரசிருக்கையும் தலைநகருமாயிருந்தன என்று வரலாறும் கூறும். இந்த இனத்தார் கிறிஸ்தவம் தழுவிய பின்னால் தூத்துக்குடியின் இவர்தம் அரசிருக்கையும் தலைநகரும் ஆயிற்று. தூத்துக்குடியின் பழைய பெயர் தூற்றுக்குடி. Continue reading நன்கு அறியப் பெறாத ஒரு மாபெரும் கிறிஸ்தவப் பாவலர்
Various myths and theories have been forwarded and expounded with regard to the origin of the Paravas.
Edgar Thurston quotes from Historica Eccliasastica that the Paravas and Parvaims referred to in the Bible are the same. He adds that in the time of King Solomon ,the Paravas were famous among those who made voyages by sea. (Thurston) Continue reading The Origin of Paravas
It is on record that the Pearl Fishery was going on from the first century after Christian era.
One famous Greek Mariner by the year 80 A.D. went round the whole Arabian Sea from the mouth of the Red Sea to the Bay of Bengal and wrote the details of this circumnavigation in a book known as Periplus Maris. This book describes the Paralia as starting south of Quilon and proceeding to the Korkai emporium through the Cape of Comarin. Continue reading Fr. Adrian Caussanel – on Paravas – 2
Rev. Fr. Adrian Caussanel ( 1850- 1930 ) was one of the French Jesuit missionaries who began his mission in Tuticorin in 1889 –and served in erstwhile Tinnevely District till 1930. Fr. Caussanel sj, took up recording history of the communities he served and wrote “ Historical notes on Tinnevely district.” Two chapters of this document deal with Paravas. And these were written between 1910 and 1916. Continue reading Fr. Adrian Caussanel – on Paravas
Thallayyapillai of Manapad was a versatile genius. He was a poet, composer, singer, and a Pattas – Maker. He was a man of simple habits and sported the longest moustache I had ever known. Definitely his long moustache could not rival the one in the Guinness book of records but surely it was long enough to be wound around and knotted in any part of his big head.
He was hardly fifth standard educated but could compose with perfect ease innumerable Palais ( probably Pamalais—ed) for every occasion ; feasts, processions, and funerals of prominent citizens of Manapad. Of course he was at his best , when he was under the influence of inebriating spirit.
Thallayya Pillai’s Pattas Industry added to the grandeur of every festive occasion in Manapad. His pattas was a small Hand Grenade made out of Gunpowder, and small stones wrapped tight inside old newspapers and fastened to a string. When flung with force on a hard surface it exploded with a loud bang.
During the feast of St. Antony he was more than inspired. He sang his Palais after Benediction throughout the Novena and on the feast day, at every street corner during the procession.
I wonder whether the custom of singing Palais still continues. And even if it does, can the Palais come up to the standard set by our Poet Laureate? It looked as if no joyous or sorrowful occasion was complete without Thallayyapillais Pattas and Palais.
All in all , he was one of those grand old men, who knew how to live by their wits and to live with dignity with very few wants. For the rest ,they believed in God who feeds the birds of the air and clothes the Lilies of the field.
By Very Rev. Fr. Anslem Miranda.